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The spin wave or spin gap in antiferromagnetism from Neel order

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Let us consider the AFM (antiferromagnetism) Heisenberg Hamiltonian:

$$H=+J\sum_{<i,j>} \hat{S}_i \cdot \hat{S}_j$$

in any dimension, in the square lattice. Say 1 spatial dim on a closed chain, 2 spatial dim with square lattice, 3 spatial dim with cubic lattice, etc.

The spin $ \hat{S}_i$ can be integer or half-integer spin.

question 1: Do we have the ground states Neel order in any dimensions for this Hamiltonian?

question 2: Do we have the gapless spin wave in any dimensions for this Hamiltonian? Regardless the spin as integer or half-integer spin?

question 3: Do the Haldane gap phenomenon in any dimensions for this Hamiltonian? integer or half-integer spin?? (I know the energy gap occurs at the AKLT Hamiltonian for spin-1/2, but I doubt it is the case for this Heisenberg Hamiltonian.)

asked Nov 17, 2016 in Theoretical Physics by RKKY (320 points) [ revision history ]

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