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  Can anyons emerge from momentum-space other than spatial dimensions?

+ 5 like - 0 dislike

So far in condensed matter physics, I only know anyons(abelian or nonabelian) can emerge as quasiparticles in 2D real-space.

But is there any possibility to construct anyons in momentum-space ? And what about the braiding, fusion rules in momentum-space ? I mean do anyons always live in real-space rather than in momentum-space ?

Maybe this is a trivial question, thank you very much.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-09 08:45 (UCT), posted by SE-user K-boy
asked Jul 14, 2013 in Theoretical Physics by Kai Li (980 points) [ no revision ]

1 Answer

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I was wondering something similar few month ago. Then I concluded that most of the topological staffs appear at the boundary between two different topological sector. A sector being characterised by a Chern number, or if you prefer a topological charge, one needs a boundary / an interface between two systems characterised by different topological charge.

A $k$-space (or momentum, or reciprocal, or Fourier, ...) is well defined only for periodic boundary conditions. The fact that the $x \leftrightarrow k$ is a Fourier transform imposes a periodicity in $x$ or in $k$. That's the stringent condition under which $k$ is a good quantum number. Note that we can still define some quasi-$k$ for disordered media. So we could not in principle define a $k$-space when a system has boundary. Note that infinite system are usually closed by periodic boundary condition, also called Born-von-Karman conditions.

I'm not aware so much about anyons (I'm still learning about that) but I believe they (almost all of them ? all of them ? I don't know) appear due to boundary conditions in condensed matter, for the reason I gave about the topological charge transition. So I believe it should be impossible to define anyons in $k$-space, for the simple reason that the $k$-space is not a correct description of the matter when anyons exist.

I would really appreciate comments/critics about what I said, especially if it's (partially) wrong.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-09 08:45 (UCT), posted by SE-user Oaoa
answered Jul 14, 2013 by Oaoa (50 points) [ no revision ]

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