The non-interacting 2D lattice QH system is described by the Hamiltonian $H=\sum t_{ij}e^{iA_{ij}}c_i^\dagger c_j+H.c$

My confusion is:

Does this imply that the $2D$ lattice QHE is described by the $2+1$ compact lattice $U(1)$ gauge theory? If it is, then according to the general conclusion " the $2+1$ compact lattice $U(1)$ gauge theory is always confinement ", thus, does this mean that the low-energy quasiparticles of $2D$ lattice QHE are not the free electrons?

I'm confused on this point, thank you very much.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-09 08:41 (UCT), posted by SE-user K-boy