Assume that variable A, of quantum probe 1, interacts and entangles with variable B, of system S, to be measured. After the interaction, the probe travels to a detector. This detector can measure A, to arbitrary accuracy and, knowing A, we can determine the (reduced) range of possible B values. The momentum of the probe, in the direction of the detector, is not affected by the entanglement. Let's also assume that this is a QND measurement, so after the measurement is completed, for all intents and purposes, B does not change as a result of any back action.
After the above interaction/entanglement is completed, but before probe 1 arrives at the detector, quantum probe 2's variable A entangles with S's variable B. Further, assume that the distance from the system to the detector, along with the momentum expectation values and uncertainties of each probe, is such that either probe could arrive at the detector first.
If probe 2 is measured at the detector first, then when probe 1 is subsequently measured, will it refine the measurement of B that was made by probe 2, even though probe 1 interacted with S before probe 2 did? I think the answer is yes, after modeling the whole scenario with Schrodinger's equation, but just want to make sure.