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  How does a SCFT avoid the Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem?

+ 7 like - 0 dislike

According to the Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem the most general symmetry that a consistent 4 dimensional field theory can enjoy is supersymmery, seen as an extension of Poincarè symmetry, in direct product with the internal gauge symmetry.

But we know that conformal theories, having as a symmetry group the conformal group (which is indeed an extension of the Poincarè group) in direct product with the internal gauge group exist. Also there exist superconformal theories, which enjoy both conformal symmetry, supersymmetry and gauge internal symmetry. All this theories are consistent, from a theoretical point of view, and well definite in $d=4$.

Therefore I ask, how does superconformal field theories avoid the Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem?

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2016-01-11 12:16 (UTC), posted by SE-user Federico Carta

asked Nov 7, 2013 in Theoretical Physics by Federico Carta (35 points) [ revision history ]
edited Jan 11, 2016 by Dilaton

2 Answers

+ 7 like - 0 dislike

Conformal field theories do not have a mass-gap, which is one of the assumptions [for the strong conclusions of non-mixing of Poincare spacetime symmetries vs internal symmetries] of the Coleman-Mandula no-go theorem. Similarly, for its superversion: the Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius no-go theorem. [In the supercase, the Poincare algebra is replaced with the super-Poincare algebra.]

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2016-01-11 12:16 (UTC), posted by SE-user Qmechanic
answered Nov 7, 2013 by Qmechanic (3,120 points) [ no revision ]
+ 7 like - 0 dislike

The actual paper by Haag, Łopuszański and Sohnius covers Conformal Supersymmetry, and it states explicitly that this extension is achieved by NOT assuming the mass gap.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2016-01-11 12:16 (UTC), posted by SE-user MSohnius
answered Nov 8, 2013 by MSohnius (70 points) [ no revision ]

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