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Is non-relativistic quantum field theory equivalent with quantum mechanics?

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Related post Can we "trivialize" the equivalence between canonical quantization of fields and second quantization of particles?

Some books of many-body physics, e.g. A.L.Fetter and J.D.Walecka in Quantum theory of many-particle systems, claimed that at non-relativistic level, quantum mechanics (QM) and quantum field theory (QFT) are equivalent. They proved the second quantized operators $$T= \sum_{rs} \langle r | T | s \rangle a_r^{\dagger} a_s $$ $$ V= \frac{1}{2} \sum_{rstu} \langle r s | T | t u \rangle a_r^{\dagger} a_s^{\dagger} a_u a_t $$

could obtain the same matrix elements as the "first-quantized" ones. Here $T$ and $V$ stand for kinetic and interaction operators, respectively.

However, some book, H. Umezawa et al Thermo field dynamics and condensed states in chapter 2, claimed that even at non-relativistic level, QFT is not equivalent with QM. They used a series of derivations (too long to present here, I may add a few steps if necessary), showed that Bogoliubov transformation with infinity space volume yields unitary inequivalent representations. In QM, all representations are unitary equivalent. Therefore, QM and non-relativistic QFT are not equivalent. However, as they said in p32

This might suggests that, in reality, the unitary inequivalence mentioned above may not happen because every system has a finite size. However, this point of view seems to be too optimistic. To consider a stationary system of finite size, we should seriously consider the effects of the boundary. As will be shown in later chapters, this boundary is maintained by some collective modes in the system and behaves as a macroscopic object with a surface singularity, which itself has an infinite number of degrees of freedom.

Nevertheless, Surface is an idealized concept. In reality, the boundary between two phases is a microscopic gradually changing of distribution of nuclei and electrons. My question is about, is the argument of surface singularity from Umezawa et al a pure academic issue? The academic issue here means if I have sufficient computational power, I compute all electrons and nuclei by quantum mechanics, I could very well reproduce the experimental results up to relativistic corrections.

P.S. The terminology "second-quantization" may not be appropriate, since we quantize the system only once. Nevertheless I could live with it.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-08-11 14:53 (UCT), posted by SE-user user26143
asked Mar 10, 2014 in Theoretical Physics by user26143 (360 points) [ no revision ]

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