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  Superfields and the Inconsistency of regularization by dimensional reduction

+ 16 like - 0 dislike
226 views

Question:

How can you show the inconsistency of regularization by dimensional reduction in the $\mathcal{N}=1$ superfield approach (without reducing to components)?


Background and some references:

Regularization by dimensional reduction (DRed) was introduced by Siegel in 1979 and was shortly after seen to be inconsistent Siegel in 1980. Despite this, it is commonly used in supersymmetric calculations since it has most of the advantages of (normal) dimensional regularization (DReg) and (naively) preserves supersymmetry.

The demonstration of the inconsistency of DRed is based on the combination of 4-dimensional identities, such as the product of epsilon-tensors $$ \varepsilon^{\mu_1\mu_2\mu_3\mu_4} \varepsilon^{\nu_1\nu_2\nu_3\nu_4} \propto \det\big((g^{\mu_i\nu_j})\big) $$ and the d-dimensional projections of 4-dimensional objects. Details can be found in the references above and below, although the argument is especially clear in Avdeev and Vladimirov 1983.

Various proposals have been made on how to consistently use DRed and most involve restrictions on the use of 4-dimensional identities using epsilon-tensors and $\gamma_5$ matrices. (Note that the treatment of $\gamma_5$ in DReg is also a little tricky...). This means we also have to forgo the use of Fierz identities in the gamma-matrix algebra (which is also a strictly 4-dimensional thing - or whatever integer dimension you're working in). This means we lose most of the advantages that made DRed attractive in the first place - maintaining only the fact that it's better than DReg in SUSY theories. The latest such attempt is Stockinger 2005, but it's also worth looking at the earlier discussions of Delbourgo and Jarvis 1980, Bonneau 1980 and (especially) Avdeev and Vladimirov 1983 & Avdeev and Kamenshchik 1983. The pragmatic discussion in Jack and Jones 1997 is also worth reading - it also contains a fairly complete set of references.

Anyway, all of the "fixes" are hard to do when using superfields, since the $D$-algebra has all of the "bad" 4-dimensional algebra built in.

My question is: What is the easiest way of showing the inconsistency of DRed in the superfield approach? (I want an answer that does not rely on reducing to components!). I'm guessing that it should somehow follow from the $D$-algebra acting on dimensionally reduced superfields.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:58 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
asked Jun 9, 2011 in Theoretical Physics by Simon (325 points) [ no revision ]
retagged Apr 16, 2014
@Carl: It's not looking good... To anyone who wants to try to answer this question, the second paper of Siegel linked to above mentions how $\varepsilon_{\mu\nu\kappa\lambda}$ can be created from supergraphs/$D$-algebra. Also, the paper by Avdeev: Dimensional Regularization Of Supergraphs has some good hints.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
Avdeev et. al., Dimensional Regularization Of Supergraphs, Dubna 1982 preprint, available for free here: iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/14/784/…

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Qmechanic
@Simon Maybe the people at enwp.org/WP:RDS could solve it? I'd ask it there myself, but I don't know the topic behind the question.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Manishearth
@Simon: May I suggest editing to ask why reducing to components is the only way yo show this perticular inconsistency

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Argus
@Argus: As in you wish to change the question from "how do you prove this using superfields" to "why can you only prove it using components?"

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
I guess it would change the meaning too much. As nobody has the ability to answer the question it seems like breaking it down might help. Your question just wondering a way to "Work towards" an acceptable answer.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Argus
Still no answer? This question must be reaaaally hard . . .

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Dimensio1n0
comment: I don't think that it is possible in any way to show the inconsistency of regularization without reducing to components.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user user28569
@Humphrey: I thought that maybe swapping the order of some D-algebra (4D) and momentum integration ($(4-\epsilon)$-D) would yield an inconsistency. For example, the former could give you a 4D Kronecker delta and the latter would give you a ($(4-\epsilon)$-D) delta... And more importantly, if it's not possible to get inconsistent results in the superfield formulation, then why not just declare the results of such calculations to be what we mean by DRed and be done with it?

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
zeta regularization can be used in this case , since it does not alter in the calculations the number of dimensiions

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Jose Javier Garcia
@Jose: That does not address the question being asked.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
@Simon : A little bit off-topic and very speculative, but I wonder if it would be possible, around $d=4$, to use $2$ different dimensions, $d_B=4-\epsilon_B$ for bosons, and $d_F=4-\epsilon_F$ for fermions, related by $(d_{B} - 2) = 2^{\large (\frac{d_{F}}{2} -1)}$ (this gives : $\ln(1-\frac{\large \epsilon_B}{2}) = - \frac{\large\epsilon_F}{2}\ln 2$). Very naively, it could "preserve" supersymmetry.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Trimok
@Trimok: I think that if the number of fields don't match then you can't have supersymmetry. However the $2^{d/2}$ structure was considered by people like Delbourgo and others back in the 70s and 80s. I can't remember the details...

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon
@Undo - thanks for the bounty!

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-04-16 01:59 (UCT), posted by SE-user Simon

This question actually got something like 8 wasted bounties on PSE, I hope there is someone here who can answer it.  

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