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  Gravity at large distances, the DGP model vs. compactification of dimensions

+ 2 like - 0 dislike

If we live in $4+n$ dimension and compactify the extra $n$ dimensions so that they are of typical size $R$, then on scales $r\gg R$ gravity is known to act in the normal manner. That is, the gravitational potential is $V(r)\sim \frac{1}{r}$ (in regimes where the gravitational potential is a reasonable quantity to consider, that is).

In the DGP model there is one extra dimension which is very large in extent and the phenomena opposite to the compactification case occurs. That is, on small scales gravity acts as though it would in four dimensions, $V(r)\sim \frac{1}{r}$, but on large scales, $r\gg R$ for some scale $R$, gravity acts acts five dimensionally, $V(r)\sim \frac{1}{r^2}$.

What's the intuition one should have about these two cases? Why is gravity modified only at small scales in the first case and only long distances in the other?

Is it crucial that in the compactification case the action consists of a single Einstein-Hilbert term whereas in the DGP case there is both a bulk and brane Einstein-Hilbert term? That is $$S_{\rm compactification}=\int d^{4+n}x\, \sqrt{-g}R[g]$$ and $$S_{\rm DGP}=\int d^5 X\, \sqrt{-G}R[G]+\int d^4 x\, \sqrt{-g}R[g].$$

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-07 16:48 (UCT), posted by SE-user user26866
asked Sep 17, 2013 in Theoretical Physics by user26866 (60 points) [ no revision ]
retagged Apr 19, 2014 by dimension10

the goal of the string theorists was the quantization while DGP is intented to work without ( or at least with less ) dark matter. Working at different scales ( very small vs small to large ), the comparison is not very meaningful..

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