I am trying to give a fast sketch of what the BCFW reduction does and embed within it some questions at the steps which I don't seem to understand clearly. The first bullet point is sort of a very basic question about the formalism which I can't get!

Let $\{p_i\}_{i=1}^{i=n}$ be the momentum of the $n$-gluons whose scattering, $A(1,2,..,n)$ one is interested in. Let the $(n-1)^{th}$ have negative helicity and the rest be positive. So its an MHV scenario.

- For denoting the gluonic states why is it okay to use the spinor helicity formalism where for a massless Dirac particle of wave function $u(p)$ one uses the notation of, $|p> = \frac{1+\gamma^5}{2}u(p)$, $|p] =\frac{1- \gamma^5}{2}u(p)$, $<p| = \bar{u}(p)\frac{1+\gamma^5}{2}$, $[p| = \bar{u}(p)\frac{1-\gamma^5}{2}$? (..gluons are afterall not massless Dirac particles!..) What is going on? Why is this a valid description?

Then one defines analytic continuations of for the $(n-1)^{th}$ and the $n^{th}$ gluonic states as, $|p_n> \rightarrow |p_n(z)> = |p_n> + z |p_{n-1}>$ and $|p_{n-1}] \rightarrow |p_{n-1}(z)] = |p_{n-1}] - z |p_n]$.

Then the key idea is that if the amplitude as a function of $z$ tends to $0$ as $|z| \rightarrow \infty$ then one can write the analytically continued amplitude as $A(1,2,..,n,z) = \sum _{i} \frac{R_i}{(z-z_i)}$ where $z_i$ and $R_i$ are the poles and residues of $A(1,2,..,n,z)$

- Is there a quick way to see the above? (..though I have read much of the original paper..)

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