No? Consider the following simple (thought) experiment. A strong laser pulse issued from a location on Earth sends encoded information bits to a point A near the surface of the Moon where the info arrives after 3.8 seconds. Then the laser pulse is rotated by an angle Theta = 90° (= 1.57 rad) during 1 second so that the info at the point of the laser sweeps over the lunar surface with speed v. The info is received and decoded by a station B at a distance d from the point A, so d = Theta x (distance Earth-Moon) = 1.57 x 380000 = 596600 km. During 1 second the info has travelled at a speed v = d/1s = about 2c near the moon. Note that in this experiment the info has a carrier which is the endpoint of the laser. - Is there a flaw in this reasoning?