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  Non-abelian string in QCD?

+ 7 like - 0 dislike

It is easy to find various/many papers in HEP-lattice talk about "Non abelian string in QCD".

  1. What does it mean to say "non abelian string in QCD?" Does "non abelian string" happen for pure Yang-Mills (say $\mathrm{SU(N)}$ or $\mathrm{SO(N)}$) without any fermions? Or do we require additional fermions?

  2. Does "non abelian string" have any thing to do with the quantum statistics of strings are non abelian? Like non abelian Majorana for certain solid state systems?

  3. Should the string form a worldsheet in the spacetime, thus it should be descried by some 2-form field locally? Any precise math formulation?

P.s. Let us focus on the non-SUSY theory first. There is some question "How about SUSY?" that I removed just to get more focused.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2020-10-28 19:06 (UTC), posted by SE-user annie marie heart
asked Jun 18, 2017 in Theoretical Physics by annie marie heart (1,205 points) [ no revision ]
Concerning SUSY actually it's the other way around. People usually have to focus on supersymmetric theories because they are easier to study and only then can ask "What about non-SUSY?", often with handwaving only.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2020-10-28 19:07 (UTC), posted by SE-user OON

1 Answer

+ 2 like - 0 dislike

Most of these questions don’t have answers as of now, but we can make some remarks:

  1. It is believed by arguments by t’Hooft, that large N gauge theories have dual descriptions as string theories. Only a few examples are known, the most famous being $\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM, whose string theory dual lives on 5d anti-de-Sitter space. One of the hopes is to find a similar description for QCD.
  2. The non-abelian refers to the non-abelian gauge group. Roughly the flux tubes connecting quarks are string-like. This doesn’t have much to do with the statistics of the strings (unless you introduce magnetic monopoles).
  3. Yes, the string should have a worldsheet description. The problem is that the spacetime on which the string moves is not the same as the spacetime on which the gauge theory lives. This is the hard part of the problem. The string should be described by a non-linear sigma model on some target space. There is currently no precise mathematical procedure for extracting this information from a gauge theory such as QCD.

Bonus: like one of the comments said, the supersymmetric case is actually simpler, since we can identify dual descriptions more easily and compute things to check these dualities.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2020-10-28 19:07 (UTC), posted by SE-user Adolfo Holguin
answered Sep 23, 2020 by Adolfo Holguin (20 points) [ no revision ]

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