You have 2 kinds of transformation to help you to find the OPE $(2.4.14)$, dilatations $(2.4.13)$ and translations.

For each of these transformations, we have to identify infinitesimal transformations quantities $v(z)$ defined by:
$z' = z+\epsilon v(z)$ and the infinitesimal modification of the fields $\delta A(z,\bar z)$.
The current being given by $j(z) = i v(z)T(z)$ $(2.4.5)$, we are going to use Ward identities $(2.3.11)$ :

$$Res_{z \rightarrow z_0} (j(z)A(z_0, \bar z_0)) + \bar Res_{\bar z \rightarrow \bar z_0}(\bar j(z)A(z_0, \bar z_0)) = \frac{1}{i \epsilon} \delta A(z_0, \bar z_0)$$

We Suppose an OPE of the form :

$T(z) A(0,0) \sim \cdots + \frac{a}{z^2}A(0,0) + \frac{b}{z} \partial A(0,0)+\cdots$, where $a$ and $b$ are to be determined.

**Dilatations**

The infinitesimal transformation corresponding to $z'= \zeta z$, is, using $\zeta = 1 + \epsilon$, $z' = z +\epsilon z$, so here $v(z) = z$; and $\bar v(z) = \bar z$

The transformation of fields is $A(z',\bar z') = \zeta^{-h}\bar \zeta^{- \tilde h} A(z,\bar z)$, this corresponds to a infinitesimal transformation $\delta A(z, \bar z) = - \epsilon h~ A(z,\bar z) - \bar \epsilon \tilde h~ A(z,\bar z)$

So, appying Ward identity, and only keeping the holomorphic part,we see that :

$$Res_{z \rightarrow 0}(i ~z ~T(z)~A(0,0)) = \frac{1}{i ~\epsilon}(- \epsilon h A(0,0))$$

This means that $T(z)~A(0,0)$ has a component $\frac {h}{z^2}A(0,0)$, in order to have a pole with the correct residue.

**Translations**

Here $v(z) = v$ = Constant; and $\delta A = - \epsilon (v\partial A + \bar v \bar \partial A)$. So, applying the Ward identity, keeping the holomorphic part, we get :

$$Res_{z \rightarrow 0}(i ~v ~T(z)~A(0,0)) = \frac{1}{i ~\epsilon}(- \epsilon v \partial A(0,0))$$

This means that $T(z)~A(0,0)$ has a component $\frac {1}{z}A(0,0)$, in order to have a pole with the correct residue.

So, finally :

$$T(z) A(0,0) \sim \cdots + \frac{h}{z^2}A(0,0) + \frac{1}{z} \partial A(0,0)+\cdots$$

Of course, an equivalent demonstration is valid for the anti-homorphic part.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2015-03-30 13:57 (UTC), posted by SE-user Trimok