Quantcast
  • Register
PhysicsOverflow is a next-generation academic platform for physicists and astronomers, including a community peer review system and a postgraduate-level discussion forum analogous to MathOverflow.

Welcome to PhysicsOverflow! PhysicsOverflow is an open platform for community peer review and graduate-level Physics discussion.

Please help promote PhysicsOverflow ads elsewhere if you like it.

News

New printer friendly PO pages!

Migration to Bielefeld University was successful!

Please vote for this year's PhysicsOverflow ads!

Please do help out in categorising submissions. Submit a paper to PhysicsOverflow!

... see more

Tools for paper authors

Submit paper
Claim Paper Authorship

Tools for SE users

Search User
Reclaim SE Account
Request Account Merger
Nativise imported posts
Claim post (deleted users)
Import SE post

Users whose questions have been imported from Physics Stack Exchange, Theoretical Physics Stack Exchange, or any other Stack Exchange site are kindly requested to reclaim their account and not to register as a new user.

Public \(\beta\) tools

Report a bug with a feature
Request a new functionality
404 page design
Send feedback

Attributions

(propose a free ad)

Site Statistics

145 submissions , 122 unreviewed
3,930 questions , 1,398 unanswered
4,873 answers , 20,701 comments
1,470 users with positive rep
502 active unimported users
More ...

Gauge Invariance of Yang Mills Lagrangian

+ 3 like - 0 dislike
1340 views

I am trying to show the invariance of the following Yang Mills Lagrangian: $$L= -\frac{1}{4} F^a_{\mu \nu} F_a^{\mu\nu} + J_a^\mu A_\mu^a$$ under the following gauge transformation ($\theta$ being a rotation in color space and $g$ related to the structure constant): $$L \rightarrow -\frac{1}{4} \left( F^a_{\mu\nu} +\epsilon ^a_{jk} \theta^j F^k_{\mu \nu}\right)\left(F_a^{\mu\nu} + e_a^{jk}\theta_j F_k^{\mu\nu}\right) + \left( J_a^\mu + \epsilon_a^{jk} \theta_j J_k^\mu \right) \left( A_\mu^a + \epsilon^a_{jk}\theta^jA_\mu^k -\frac{1}{g} \partial^\mu \theta^a \right),$$

where each term is now transformed accordingly.

I was able to simplify the above to and obtain: $$L \rightarrow -\frac{1}{4} \left( F^a_{\mu\nu}F_a^{\mu\nu} + \epsilon^a_{jk} \theta^j F^k_{\mu\nu} F_a^{\mu\nu} \epsilon_a^{j' k'} \theta_{j'} F_{k'}^{\mu\nu}\right) + J_a^\mu A_\mu^a - J_a^\mu \frac{1}{g} \partial^\mu \theta^a + \epsilon_a^{jk} \theta_j J_k^\mu \epsilon^a_{j'k'} \theta^{j'}A_\mu^{k'} - \epsilon_a^{jk} \theta_{j} J_k^{\mu}\frac{1}{g} \partial^\mu \theta^a.$$

How could I possibly reduce it to a form similar to the original, untransformed Lagrangian? There are about 4 terms I can't get rid of, though it has been suggested to me that I use the equation of motion of YM, which I have handy but can't seem to use them appropriately. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Also note that I may end up with a boundary term which would vanish when varying the action, thus possibly giving me say 3 terms instead of the original 2 (which is fine, though I can't identify them yet).

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-07-01 10:33 (UCT), posted by SE-user user44212
asked Jun 30, 2014 in Theoretical Physics by user44212 (15 points) [ no revision ]
where the do the 3 Field strengths in the first term come from? Given that you are doing a linear transformation on $F^2$ it can't be right.

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-07-01 10:33 (UCT), posted by SE-user TwoBs

1 Answer

+ 2 like - 0 dislike
From the $F^2$ part, you have 4 terms. 2 cancel if you use that the structure constants are completely antisymmetric, the last is second order and can be discarded, the original $F^2$ term is left. From the interaction part there are six terms. One is second order and two cancel directly from antisymmetry again. Another will also cancel from antisymmetry if you do an integration by parts, leaving only the original interaction term.This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-07-01 10:33 (UCT), posted by SE-user Robin Ekman
answered Jun 30, 2014 by Robin Ekman (215 points) [ no revision ]

Your answer

Please use answers only to (at least partly) answer questions. To comment, discuss, or ask for clarification, leave a comment instead.
To mask links under text, please type your text, highlight it, and click the "link" button. You can then enter your link URL.
Please consult the FAQ for as to how to format your post.
This is the answer box; if you want to write a comment instead, please use the 'add comment' button.
Live preview (may slow down editor)   Preview
Your name to display (optional):
Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications.
Anti-spam verification:
If you are a human please identify the position of the character covered by the symbol $\varnothing$ in the following word:
p$\varnothing$ysicsOverflow
Then drag the red bullet below over the corresponding character of our banner. When you drop it there, the bullet changes to green (on slow internet connections after a few seconds).
To avoid this verification in future, please log in or register.




user contributions licensed under cc by-sa 3.0 with attribution required

Your rights
...