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Integrating out high momentum modes in $\phi^4$ theory

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I'm trying to follow section 12.1 of Peskin & Schroeder, which describes how integrating out the high momentum modes of the field in $\phi^4$ theory transforms the Lagrangian both by changing the values of m and $\lambda$ and by introducing new interaction terms such as $\phi^6$, $\phi^8$ etc. I get the idea, but I'm a bit fuzzy on some of the math. In equation 12.5 Peskin separates the field into low momentum modes $\phi$ and high momentum modes $\hat{\phi}$. Rewriting the Lagrangian in terms of these fields gives terms like $\hat{\phi}^2\phi^2$ and $\hat{\phi}\phi^3$, which generate the new interactions, but also terms which depend only on the high momentum field - $m\hat{\phi}^2$ and $\lambda\hat{\phi}^4$. What do these terms do when integrated? Do they just add constants to the new Lagrangian?


This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-07 20:01 (UCT), posted by SE-user Ergil

asked Jun 1, 2013 in Theoretical Physics by Ergil (5 points) [ revision history ]
recategorized Apr 11, 2014 by dimension10

1 Answer

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Yes, terms like $\lambda \hat \phi^4$ only depend on the high-energy modes, so they're constant functions as functions of the low-energy modes. From the low-energy modes' viewpoint, i.e. when it comes to the dynamics of the low-energy effective theory, they just combine to a constant term $C$ in the Lagrangian, a vacuum energy density that has no impact (unless one considers gravity or compares two situations with different $C$).

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-07 20:01 (UCT), posted by SE-user Luboš Motl
answered Jun 1, 2013 by Luboš Motl (10,178 points) [ no revision ]
I've thought about it some more, and I'm no longer sure this is right. Shouldn't the $\lambda\hat{\phi}^4$ term have an affect on the low momentum modes due to intermediate states? For example, the following diagram represents a correction to the low momentum mass: img441.imageshack.us/img441/2263/blah1s.png (Single lines are low momentum, double lines are high momentum) Shouldn't there also be diagrams like img32.imageshack.us/img32/5949/blah12.png which further modify the low momentum mass and wouldn't exist if it weren't for the $\lambda\hat{\phi}^4$ term?

This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-07 20:01 (UCT), posted by SE-user Ergil

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